Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July BC – 10/11 June BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great was a king (basileus) of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. He was born in Pella in BC and succeeded his father Philip II to the throne at the age of twenty. He spent Early life · Conquest of the Persian · Death and succession · Character. 27 dec. - (This formula, cited by the Greek historian Arrian in his history of Alexander's campaigns, is noteworthy for its omission of any reference to Macedonia.) But the cities remained de facto under Alexander, and his appointment of Calas as satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia reflected his claim to succeed the Great. Tutored by Aristotle, helpless witness to his father's assassination, and a brilliant, pioneering tactician.
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The True Story of Alexander The Great - History Channel HD The two armies met on the battlefield the next morning, October 1, BC. In his first battle in Asia, at Granicus, Alexander used only a small part of his forces [ citation needed ] , perhaps 13, infantry with 5, cavalry, against a much larger Persian force of 40, The Macedonians defeated the Persians and put them to flight and although the Greeks held their ground and fiercely fought, the battle ended in Macedonian victory. Login or upgrade your account. Primary sources Arrian From his accession Alexander had set his mind on the Persian expedition. Alexander remained in Egypt until the middle of , and then returned to Tyre before facing Darius. But as the Macedonian army advanced deep into Thrace, the Thracian tribe of Maedi bordering north-eastern Macedonia rebelled and posed a danger to the country. In midsummer Alexander set out for the eastern provinces at a high speed via Rhagae modern Rayy , near Tehrān and the Caspian Gates, where he learned that Bessus , the satrap of Bactria, had deposed Darius. Senebkay Wepwawetemsaf Pantjeny Snaaib. After this, details on the fate of the tomb are hazy. Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the United States —65 , who preserved the Union during the American Further south, at Halicarnassusin Play Safari Heat Slots Online at Casino.com NZAlexander successfully waged his first large-scale siegeeventually forcing his opponents, the mercenary captain Memnon of Rhodes and the Persian satrap of Caria, Orontobatesto withdraw by sea. For two years Alexander moves through his newly acquired empire which stretches north beyond Samarkand and eastwards through modern Afghanistan subduing any pockets of opposition and establishing Greek settlements. List Online Craps | bis 400 € Bonus | Casino.com in Deutsch ancient Greeks. At Memphis Alexander sacrificed to Colorado Online Casino Sites and State Gambling Lawsthe Greek term for Hapi, the sacred Egyptian bull, and was crowned with the traditional double crown of the pharaohs ; the native priests were placated and their religion encouraged. Lessons from History's Undefeated General. In return for teaching Alexander, Philip agreed Juega al Lucky Blackjack Online | Casino.com México rebuild Aristotle's hometown of Stageirawhich Philip had razed, and to repopulate it by buying and freeing the ex-citizens who were slaves, or pardoning those who were in exile. Alexander treated them with the respect out of consideration for their royalty. The Macedonians were a Hellenic Greek tribe. His advance through Swāt and Gandhāra was marked by the storming of the almost impregnable pinnacle of Aornos , the modern Pir-Sar, a few miles west of the Indus and north of the Buner River, an impressive feat of siegecraft. It took Alexander until the autumn of to crush the most determined opponent he encountered in his campaigns. The Macedonians rescued him in a narrow escape from the village. At the time of his death, Alexander's empire covered some 5,, km 2 2,, sq mi ,  and was the largest state of its time. From Halicarnassus, Alexander proceeded into mountainous Lycia and the Pamphylian plain, asserting control over all coastal cities to deny the Persians naval bases. Fearing the prospect of facing other large armies and exhausted by years of campaigning, Alexander's army mutinied at the Hyphasis River Beas , refusing to march farther east.